construction in this period was characterised
by a diversity of dwelling types and the variety of materials used. There were
curved , rectangular and square constructions of clay , unbaked brick and wood.
Stone foundations for walls also appeared for the first time.
The results of the Early Neolithic
achievements culminated in the following Middle Neolithic period (5800-5300 BC).
The layouts of the settlements now took the form of large organized communities
with rudimentary planning. For the first time small towns with streets and
squares appeare. Some of them must have formed centres for other settlements in
the general area. One such a centre was Sesklo in Magnesia. An important advance
can be seen in the Middle Neolithic construction: the use of stone wall
foundations and platforms for the houses becomes general , wooden pillars
appear, the walls are plastered on the inside with mud and uprights are used to
protect the foundations from rainwater and damp. The house plans are more
regular and limited to two or three types: rectangular or square single-roomed
structure and the square megaron.
From the end of the 6th millenium BC onwards, the
cultural remains reveal a large break between the previous periods and the
following ones, the Late (5300-4500 BC) and the Final Neolithic (4500-3300) BC .
Many of the hitherto flourishing settlements were abandoned or declined , and at
the same time new ones sprang up on the lowlands as well as by the sea even on
the islands , while caves started to be used again.
Some large settlements were surrounded by ditches
(Sesklo) and later by stone enclosures (Sesklo, Dimini) , which do not appear to
have been fortifications. This innovation, where and when it appeared , was also
followed by the appearance of the imposing megarons. This new type of building
consisted of three rooms in a row: the porch of vestibule , the main hall and
the rear chamber. This also formed the plan of the central hall of the Mycenaean
palaces and later the central core of the temples of the historical period.