Greek thesaurus


The Hellenistic Period
• The Hellenistic age
• Hellenistic kingdoms
• Political History and Institutions
• Significant Economic and Social Developments
• Hellenistic Culture: Philosophy, Literature and Art
• The First great Age of Science
• Religion in the Hellenistic Age
• A Foretaste of Modernity?
Photo Gallery
• Marble Sculpture statues
• Bronze Art statues
• Hellenistic jewellry



Stay in Athens, Visit Parthenon with

Archaeological Areas
• The Acropolis of Athens
• Ancient Olympia the sanctuary
• The Archaeological area of Eleusis
• The Archaeological area of Delphi
Social life and activities in ancient Greece
• The Olympic Games
• The Eleusinian Mysteries
Historical periods and civilizations
• Neolithic Period
• Cycladic civilization
• Minoan civilization
• Mycenaean civilization
• Geometric period
• Classical period
• Hellenistic period
• Roman period
• Byzantine period
• Ancient Greek jewelry blog


Free map of ancient Greek theaters download it now!!!

Home | Museums | Theaters | Temples | Thesaurus | Links | Contact | sitemap
                                                 A Foretaste of Modernity?
The antikythera mechanism 


 Bookmark and Share

With the possible exception of the Roman, no great culture of ancient times appears to suggest the spirit of the modern age quite so emphatically as does the Hellenistic civilization. Here as in the modern world were to be found a considerable variety of forms of government, the growth of militarism, a decline of respect for democracy, and a trend in the direction of authoritarian rule. Many of the characteristic economic and social developments of the Hellenistic Age are equally suggestive of contemporary experience: the growth of big business, the expansion of trade, the zeal for exploration and discovery, the interest in mechanical inventions, ruthless competition among merchants, the devotion to comfort and the craze for material prosperity, the growth of metropolitan cities with congested slums, and the widening gulf between rich and poor. In the realms of intellect and art the Hellenistic civilization also bore a distinctly modern flavor. This was exemplified by the exaggerated emphasis upon science, the narrow specialization of learning, the penchant for realism and naturalism, the vast production of mediocre literature, and the popularity of mysticism side by side with extreme skepticism and dogmatic unbelief.


Because of these resemblances there has been a tendency among certain writers to regard our own civilization as decadent. But this is based partly upon the false assumption that the Hellenistic culture was merely a degenerate phase of Greek civilization. Instead, it was a new social and cultural organism born of a fusion of Greek and Oriental elements. Moreover, the differences between the Hellenistic civilization and that of the contemporary world are perhaps just as important as the resemblances. The Hellenistic political outlook was essentially cosmopolitan; nothing comparable to the national patriotism of modern times really prevailed. Despite the remarkable expansion of trade in the Hellenistic Age, no industrial revolution ever took place, for reasons which have already been noted. Finally, Hellenistic science was somewhat more limited than that of the present day. Modern pure science is to a very large extent a species of philosophy—an adventure of the mind in the realm of the unknown. Notwithstanding frequent assertions to the contrary, much of it is gloriously impractical and will probably remain so.






Click here to join Olympic-games
Click to join Olympic-games