Diachronic the presence of Macedonians in northern Greece. The speech of Georgia Karamitroy-Mentesidi in Thessalonica for the archaeological discoveries in Aiani Kozani (02/02/2007)
By SAKIS APOSTOLAKIS
Final answer in the diachronic presence of Macedonians in the North Greece space they give the archaeological discoveries in Aiani Kozani. They bring down the old theory about cataclysmic invasion of Dorians in the dues of 2nd millenium, which are illfounded in any case, underline the head of L'
Eforeias Prehistoric and Classic Antiquities, Karamitroy-Mentesidi. In her speech, that organised the Company of Macedonian Study (EMS), pointed out that the discoveries of Aianis give final answer that was not exist "Dorians cathode", that is to say Macedonians, which as "barbarian" destroyed the Mykenaean, Achaeans and Greeks. There is no doubt for the southern origin of Macedonian ceramics, which come back north-northwestern (15th cent. bc in Aiani) then from their very previous (round 2000 bc) way down, or from continuous locomotions, because of the veterinary surgeon character of economy and the nomadic way of life. These are not other than the Macedonians of historical years, which the filological delivery connects immediately with Dorians.
Consequently,underlines G. Karamitroy-Mentesidi, with the discovery of Aianis is acquired the most powerful argument for the reject of old theory about cataclysmic invasion of Dorians in the dues of 2nd millenium. The big crowd and the types of mykenaean discoveries, stress, compel the scientific community to revise her opinions for the limits of Mykenaean world and his relations with Macedonian and Dorian seces, while the opinion for Mykenaeans permanent installation in the region is argued continuously more.
The acne of Aianis in the archaic and classic years proves that organised cities with public buildings existed hundred and more years before Philippos [B]', in which the historians attributed the foundation of first cities centres in Ano-Macedonia. Thus was revised the opinion about cultural isolation of Ano-Macedonia. The public buildings and the private residences ancient Aianis, as well as the precocious signs, testify a city with built-up organisation and political growth from the late-archaic and classic years (beginnings 5th and 4th century bc, while also the 6th century bc is represented with ceramics).
The new historical physiognomy of Ano-Macedonia, and more generally all Macedonia, owes many, or rather most, in Aiani, points out G. Karamitroy-Mentesidi.
Aiani -means city eternal-, immense, existed capital of kingdom of Elimeias and it constituted for a lot of centuries most important economic, commercial, cultural and intellectual centre of the wider region of Ano-Macedonia. The city participates actively, in step with the cities-central and southern Greece, in the blossoming of Greek world that begins from the archaic years, climaxes in classic and expands in entire the known world at the hellenistic period. Her royal house had always narrow relations and continuous contacts with the royal house of Timenidon of down Macedonia (Aiges and Pella), that is often testified in the texts of ancient historians.
The public buildings of city distinguish for their monumental character, their impressive architecture and their rich decor. Between them it distinguishes Stoic Building, two-storied with Dorian colonnade in the ground floor and ionian in the floor, which is interpreted as department of ancient agora, and was already in use from the 5th c.bc. the revelation the public and private buildings shapes already the picture of organised city from the beginning of 5th c.bc, which supplements the wealth by the excavation of royal necropolis and remainder classic and hellenistic cemeteries round this.
In the royal necropolis of the archaic and classic years have been revealed 12 big constructed and smaller graves. Resplendently funeral monuments, as signals of eminent deads, as statues of lions, statues of kouron and kores, statue of bearded, painted ionian columns render unique the necropolis of Aianis in the North Greece space.
The source is translated from a greek article of Eleytherotypia